Online Bibliographies PERSON, SELF,

Medical Issues and the Person:
A Bibliography of Philosophical Sources
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Other related sources on medical ethics and humanities.
Note: Additional entries for this bibliography are very welcome. Send suggestions to
Thanks to Paul James (Canberra, Australia) who contributed a number of references to this bibliography.

American Academy of Neurology. 1988. "Position of the American Academy of Neurology on Certain Aspects of the Care and Management of the Persistent Vegetative State Patient,"

Arras, John D. 1988. "The Severely Demented, Minimally Functional Patient: An Ethical Analysis," JAGS 36 (10): 938-44.

Bahr, Rose Therese. 1992. "Personhood: A theory for gerontological nursing," Holistic nursing practice 7 # 1: 1-

Battin, M. P., R. Rhodes, and A. Silvers. 1998. Physician Assisted Suicide. London and New York: Routledge.

Bermúdez, José. 1996. "The Moral Significance of Birth," Ethics: an international journal of social, political and legal philosophy 106 # 2

Bernat, James, Charles Culver, and Bernard Gert. 1981. "On the definition and criterion of death," Annals of Internal Medicine 94: 389-94.

Braude, Stephen. 1996. "Multiple Personality and Moral Responsibility," Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 3.1 (1996) 37-54.

Braude, Stephen F., Graham, George, and Stephens, G. Lynn. 1995. "First Person Plural: Multiple Personality and the Philosophy of Mind," Ethics: an international journal of social, political and legal philosophy 105 # 3: 655

Brody, Baruch. 1992. "Special Ethical Issues in the Management of PVS Patients," Law, Medicine and Health Care 20: 104-115.

Buzzell, Mary and Gibbon, Mary. 1991. "Personhood," The Canadian nurse 87 # 6: 32-

Cherry, M. J. 1999. Persons and their Bodies: Rights, Responsibilities, Relationships. Philosophy and Medicine Book Series, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Cherry, M. J. 1997. Persons, values and statistical utility: Critical perspectives in the philosophy of medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 22 (6):529-540.

Childs, Nancy and Walt Mercer. 1996. "Brief report: Late improvement in Consciousness anter post-traumatic vegetative state," New England Journal of Medicine 334 (1): 24-25.

Clark, Stephen. 2001. The Status of Zygotes. Philosopher's Magazine.

Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. 1990. "Persistent Vegetative State and the Decision to Withdraw or Withhold Life Support," JAMA 263 (3): 426-30.

Crosby, John F. 1993. "The Personhood of the Human Embryo," The Journal of medicine and philosophy," 18 # 4: 399-418

Derry, Paula S. 1999. Genes, Neurochemicals, and Persons. MedGenMed, August 23, 1999

Dombrowski, Daniel A. and Deltete, Robert. 2000. A brief, liberal Catholic defense of abortion.. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

0252025504 Dworkin, Gerald, R. G. Frey and Sissela Bok. 1998, Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide (For and Against). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Elliot, Robert. 1995. "Personal Identity, Potentiality and Abortion." Philosophical papers 24, 2: 141-

Engelhardt, H. Tristram Jr. 1993. "Personhood, Moral Strangers, and the Evil of Abortion: The Painful Experience of Post-Modernity," The Journal of medicine and philosophy," 18 # 4: 419-422

Elliott, Carl. 1998. A Philosophical Disease . New York and London: Routledge.

Evans, Donald. 1996. Conceiving the Embryo: Ethics, Law and Practice in Human Embryology . Norwell: Kluwer Academic Publ.

Evans, Donald. 1996. Creating the Child: The Ethics, Law and Practice of Assisted Procreation , Norwell: Kluwer Academic Publ.

Feinberg, Joel. 1980. "Abortion," in Matters of Life and Death, edited by Tom Regan. New York: Random House, 1980: pp. 183-217.

Fisher, John Martin. 1991. "Abortion and Self-Determination," Journal of Social Philosophy, 22: 5-13.

Foot, Phillipa. 1978. "Abortion and the Doctrine of Double Effect," in her Virtues and Vices and Other Essays. Berkeley: University of California Press: 19-32.

Forrester, Mary Gore. 1996. Persons, Animals, and Fetuses: An Essay in Practical Ethics . Norwell: Kluwer Academic Publ.

Gadamer, Hans-Georg. 1996. The Enigma of Health: The Art of Healing in a Scientific Age . Translated by Jason Gaiger and Nicholas Walker. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

"[The loss of personhood] happens within medical science when the individual patient is objectified in terms of a mere multiplicity of data. In a clinical investigation all the information about a person is treated as if it could be adequately collated on a card index. If this is done correctly, then the relevant data will all uniquely apply to the person involved. But the question is whether the unique value of the individual is properly recognized in this process."

Gavin, William Joseph. Cutting The Body Loose: Historical, Biological, and Personal Approaches to Death and Dying . Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press.

Gallagher, Shaun. 2001. "Dimensions of embodiment: body image and body schema in medical contexts," in Kay Toombs (ed). Handbook in the Philosophy of Medicine, Volume One: Phenomenology and Medicine (pp. 147-175). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Gallagher, Shaun. 1996. "The Moral Significance of Primitive Self-Consciousness: A Response to Bermúdez," Ethics 107, # 1: 129-140.

Giorgio, Christopher and Mark Lew. 1991. "Consciousness, Coma, and the Vegetative State: Physical Basis and Definitional Character," Issues in Law and Medicine 6 (4): 361-70.

Goodman, Michael F. (Ed). 1988. What Is a Person (Contemporary Issues in Biomedicine, Ethics, and Society). Humana Press.

Goube de Laforest, P. 1996. "Life Sciences and the Concept of Person," Ethics & medicine 12 # 1: 10-

Hardcastle, Valerie Gray. 1999. The Myth of Pain. Cambridge: MIT/Bradford Press.

Hardcastle, Valerie Gray and Owen Flanagan. 1999. Muliplex vs. Multiple Selves: A Note on Distinguishing Dissociative Disorders, The Monist, 82 (4): 645-657

Harrison, Christine. 1993. "Personhood, Dementia and the Integrity of a Life," Canadian journal on aging (La revue canadienne du vieillissement)12 # 4: 428-440

Herskovits, Elizabeth. 1995. "Struggling over subjectivity: Debates about the 'Self' and Alzheimer's Disease," Medical Anthropology Quarterly 9 (2): 146-64.

Hartouni, Valeris. 1997. Cultural Conceptions: On Reproductive Technologies and the Remaking of Life . Minneapolis: U. of Minnesota Press.

Hinman, Lawrence. Ethics Update. A rich website with resources that include legal cases and references representing all sides of the issues. Specific topics include:

  • Abortion
  • Bioethics and Reproductive Technologies
  • Euthanasia and End-of-Life Issues

  • Hope, Tony. 1994. "Personal Identity and Psychiatric Illness" Philosophy: The Journal of the British Institute of Philosophical Studies ... p. 131

    Hughes, James J. 1998. Brain Death and Technological Change: Personal Identity, Neural Prostheses and Uploading, paper presented at the Second International Symposium on Brain Death. Havana Cuba.

    Johnson, Martin H. 1988. "The onset of human identity and its relationship to legislation concerning research on human embryos." In Bromham, David R.; Forsythe, E.; Dalton, Maureen E., eds. Ethical Problems in Reproductive Medicine: First International Conference on Philosophical Ethics in Reproductive Medicine (PERM), University of Leeds, 18-22 April 1988. London: British Journal of Family Planning 1989: 2-7.

    Justice, J. Steven, 1994. "Personhood And Death--The Proper Treatment Of Anencephalic Organ Donors Under The Law," University of Cincinnati law review," 62 # 3: 1227-

    Kinsella E A.2005. Constructions of self: ethical overtones in surprising locations. Medical Humanities 31: 67-71.

    Kuczewski, Mark G. 1994. "Whose Will Is It Anyway? A Discussion of Advance Directives, Personal Identity, and Consensus in Medical Ethics," Bioethics 8 # 1: 27-48

    Kuhse, Helga and Peter Singer. 1990. "Individuals, Humans and Persons: The Issue of Moral Status." Embryo Experimentation. Peter Singer, ed. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press,

    Lebacqz, Karen and Robert J. Levine. 1987. "Respect for Persons and Informed Consent to Participate in Research." in Bioethics: Basic Writings on the Key Ethical Questions that Surround the Major, Modern Biological Possibilities and Problems. Thomas Anthony Shannon, ed. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press,

    Larmer, Robert. 1995. "Abortion, Personhood and the Potential for Consciousness," Journal of applied philosophy 12 # 3: 241

    Lizza, John P. 1993. "Multiple Personality and Personal Identity Revisited." The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 # 2: 263-

    MacIntyre, A. 1977. "Patients as Agents," in Philosophical Medical Ethics: Its Nature and Significance, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. and Stuart F. Spicker, eds. (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1977) pp. 197-212.

    MacIntyre, A. 1977. "Can Medicine Dispense with a Theological Perspective on Human Nature?" in Knowledge, Value and Belief. H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr. and Daniel Callahan, eds. (Hastings-on-the-Hudson; Hastings Center, 1977) pp. 25-43. Reprinted in The Roots of Ethics: Science, Religion, and Values, Daniel Callahan and Tristram Engelhardt Jr., eds. (New York and London: Plenum, 1981) pp. 119-37.

    MacIntyre, A. 1979. "Medicine Aimed at the Care of Patients Rather Than What...?" in Changing Values in Medicine, Eric J. Cassell and Mark Siegler, eds. (Frederick, Maryland: University Publications of America, 1979) pp. 83-96.

    Maguire, Marjorie Reiley. 1983. "Personhood, Covenant, and Abortion." The Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics, 1983. Larry L. Rasmussen, Alan Anderson, David Hollenbach, and Jane Cary Peck, eds. Dallas, TX: Waterloo, Ont.: Society of Christian Ethics; (Dist.) the Council on the Study of Religion,

    Mahowald, Mary. 1995. "Person," Encyclopedia of Bioethics , vol. 4, ed. Warren Thomas Reich. New York: Simon & Schuster, pp. 1934-41.

    Mahowald, Mary Lou Briody. 1992. "Brain Development, Personal Identity, and Neurografts." in Debates Over Medical Authority. New Challenges in Biomedical Experimentation. Emerging Issues in Biomedical Policy: An Annual Review. R. Blank and A. Bonnicksen, eds. Vol. II. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992; pp 232-246.

    McCarthy, James. 1990. "The Ontological Status of the Early Human Embryonic Cell Mass," in Human Life - Human Personhood, ed. by E.J. de Souza and C.J. Vas. F.I.A.M.C. Bio-Medical Ethics Centre, Bombay, India.

    McCarthy, James. 1987. Unborn Persons: Pope John Paul II and the Abortion Debate. New York: Peter Lang.

    McCarthy, James. 1983. "Some Roman Catholic Concepts of 'Person' and Their Implication for the Ontological Status of the Unborn," Abortion and the Status of the Fetus, William B. Bondeson, et al., eds., Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel Publishing .

    McInerney, Peter K. 1990. "Does a Fetus Already Have a Future-Like-Ours?" Journal of Philosophy, LXXXVII, No. 5: 264-268. Also reprinted in The Abortion Controversy: A Reader (Jones & Bartlett, 1994).

    McKenny, Gerald. 1997. To Relieve the Human Condition: Bioethics, Technology, and the Body . Albany: SUNY Press.

    McLean, Sheila and Alison Britton. 1998. The Case for Physician Assisted Suicide . New York: New York University Press.

    Moreland, J. P. and Mitchell, J. 1995. "Is the Human Person a Substance or a Property-thing?" Ethics & medicine 11 # 3: 50-

    Moreland, J. P. and Scott B. Rae. 2000. Body and Soul: Human Nature and the Crisis in Ethics. InterVarsity Press -- focused on medical ethics.

    Moreland, J. P. and Wallace, Stan. 1995. "Aquinas versus Locke and Descartes on the Human Person and End-of-Life Ethics," International philosophical quarterly 35 # 3: 319-

    Mwaria, Cheryl. 1990. "The concept of self in the context of crisis: A study of families of the severely brain-injured," Soc. Sci. Med. 330 (22): 1572-79.

    Nelson, Hilde Lindemann. 1995. "Dethroning Choice: Analogy, Personhood, and the New Reproductive Technologies," Law, medicine & health care 23 # 2: 129-

    Noonan, John T., Jr. 1970. "An Almost Absolute Value in History," in John T. Noonan, Jr., ed., The Morality of Abortion: Legal and Historical Perspectives. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Peckoff, Jacqueline. 1992. "Patienthood to Personhood," Psychosocial rehabilitation journal," 16 # 2: 5-

    Peterfy, Agota. 1995. "Fetal Viability as a Threshold to Personhood: A Legal Analysis," The Journal of legal medicine 16 # 4: 607-

    Purdy, Laura M. 1996. Reproducing Persons: Issues in Feminist Bioethics . Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press.

    Roe v. Wade. 1973. Supreme Court Decision on the Legality of Abortion.

    Ruddick, William. 1998. "Medical Ethics," Encyclopedia of Ethics . Lawrence and Charlotte Becker, eds. 2nd edition. Garland Publishing. 1998.

    Sanders, Clinton R. 1995. "Killing with Kindness: Veterinary Euthanasia and the Social Construction of Personhood," Sociological forum 10 # 2: 195-

    Seifert, Josef. 1996. "Euthanasie und 'Hirntod'," Kirche heute 7/8: 32-34.

    Seifert, Josef. 1995. " heute Medizin und Gesetze Lebende zu Toten?" in: Organspende. Letzter Liebesdienst oder Euthanasie (Abtsteinach: Derscheider), pp. 51-88.

    Seifert, Josef. 1995. "Hirntoddefinition als Schritt zur Euthanasie," in: Walter Ramm (ed.), pp. 7-8.

    Seifert, Josef. 1993. "Is 'Brain death' actually death?" The Monist 76: 175-202.

    Seifert, Josef. 1992. "Is 'Brain Death' actually Death? A Critique of Redefining Man's Death in Terms of 'Brain Death'," in: R.J. White, H. Angstwurm, I. Carasco de Paola (Ed.), Working Group on the Determination of Brain Death and Its Relationship to Human Death. (Vatican City: Pontifical Academy of the Sciences ), pp. 95-143.

    Seifert, Josef. 1991. " heute Medizin und Gesetze Lebende zu Toten?" in Organspende: Kritische Ansichten zur Transplantationsmedizin, ed. R. Greinert and G. Wuttke, (Gūttingen: Lamuv Verlag), pp. 185-208.

    Seifert, Josef. 1990. "Ist 'Hirntod' wirklich der Tod?" in WMW. Diskussionsforum Medizinische Ethik , Nr. 4, (October 1990), D2.

    Seifert, Josef. 1988."Hirntod: Ein Beitrag zur Kritik der philosophischen Korrumpierung der medizinischen Technik", in Ethik & Technik (ZÄrich: M&T edition).

    Smith, George P. 1990. "Recognizing Personhood and the Right to Die with Dignity," Journal of palliative care 6 # 2: 24-

    Stouffer, Dennis, J. 1994. Journeys Through Hell: Stories of Burn Survivor's Reconstruction of Identity and Self. Rowman & Littlefield.

    Strozier, Charles B. and Flynn, Michael. 1996. Trauma and Self . Lanham, MD.: Rowman & Littlefield.

    Supreme Court of the United States. 1993. Roe v. Wade. Decision on the Legality of Abortion.

    Tauber, Alfred I. 1999. Confessions of a Medicine Man: An essay in popular philosophy. Cambridge: MIT/Bradford.

    Thomson, Judith Jarvis. 1994. "Abortion," Boston Review, 20 (3).

    Thomson, Judith Jarvis. 1971. "A Defense of Abortion," Philosophy and Public Affairs. 1, No. 1: 47-66; reprinted in her Rights, Restitution, & Risk: Essays in Moral Theory. Cambridge; Harvard Univesity Press, 1986).

    Thomson, Judith Jarvis. 1986. "Rights and Deaths," in Rights, Restitution, & Risk: Essays in Moral Theory. Cambridge; Harvard Univesity Press, 1986).

    Tong, Rosemarie. 1992. "The Personhood Debate in Abortion." The World & I 7, 5 : 494.

    Toombs, S. Kay. 1994. "Disability and the Self." in Changing the Self: Philosophies, Techniques and Experiences. Thomas M. Brinthaupt and Richard P. Lipka, eds. New York: SUNY Press, 1994.

    Unger, Peter. 1996. Living High and Letting Die. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Waldschmidt, Anne. 1991. "The embryo as a legal entity -- woman as a fetal environment: the new German laws on reproductive engineering and embryo research." Issues in Reproductive and Genetic Engineering. Journal of International Feminist Analysis 4(3): 209-222.

    Warren, Mary Anne. 1973. "On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion," The Monist, 57

    Werthheimer, Roger. 1971. "Understanding the Abortion Argument," Philosophy and Public Affairs, 1:67-95.

    Wikler, Daniel. 1988. "Not Dead, Not Dying? Ethical Categories and Persistent Vegetative State," Hastings Center Report February/March: 1988: 41-47.

    Wolgast, Elizabeth Hankins. 1992. Ethics of an Artificial Person: Lost Responsibility in Professions and Organizations . Stanford: Stanford University Press.

    Young, K. 1994. "The Zygote, The Embryo, and Personhood," Ethics & medicine 10 # 1: 2-

    Return to Research Sources.


    Other bibliographies and sources related to bioethics and medical issues:

  • Bibliography of Bioethics
  • Bioethics links -- Jeff McLaughlin
  • Online Readings on Biomedical Ethics
  • Bioethics search -- access abstracts of articles on bioethics topics
  • Bibliography: Human Experimentation on Embryos and Fetuses (Fetal Research)
  • Brain Death Resources
  • Ethics Update.

    Ethics Committee Bibliography
  • Bioethics: Journal Articles On-Line (University of Buffalo)
  • Psychopathologies, Neuropathologies, and Self-Identity
  • Philosophy of Psychiatry Bibliography, Compiled by Christian Perring.
  • Oregon's Death with Dignity Act
  • Ethical Conduct for Research involving Humans

    For other related resources on concepts of person, self, and personal identity go to Research Sources.

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